A drought is a period of unusually dry weather that persists long enough to cause serious problems such as crop damage and/or water supply shortages. The severity of the drought depends upon the degree of moisture deficiency, the duration and the size of the affected area.
Bordered by two oceans, Florida has the longest coastline in the continental United States, the second largest lake in the nation - Lake Okeechobee and 50,000 miles of rivers, streams and waterways. Our waters define our state. Yet, with all of the water that surrounds us, Florida is still susceptible to drought. Records show 2006 - 2007 were the driest back-to-back calendar years Florida has experienced, based on data dating back to 1932.
Florida Water Management Districts
Florida is divided into five water management districts, which are dedicated to the preservation and management of Florida's precious water resources.
St. Johns River Water Management District
The St. Johns River Water Management District is responsible for managing ground and surface water supplies in all or part of 18 counties in northeast and east-central Florida. Dedicated staff members do this from offices in Palatka, Jacksonville, Altamonte Springs, and Palm Bay.
The mission of the Southwest Florida Water Management District is to manage water and related natural resources to ensure their continued availability while maximizing environmental, economic and recreational benefits. Central to the mission is maintaining the balance between the water needs of current and future users while protecting and maintaining water and related natural resources which provide the District with its existing and future water supply.
South Florida Water Management District
The South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) is charged with managing and protecting water resources of the region by balancing and improving water quality, flood control, natural systems and water supply. SFWMD's boundaries extend from central Florida to Lake Okeechobee, and from coast to coast, from Fort Myers to Fort Pierce, south through the sprawling Everglades to the Florida Keys and Florida Bay. It is the oldest and largest of the state's five water management districts.
Suwannee is the smallest of the state's water management districts in terms of geographic area, population served, tax base, and agency staff. The Suwannee River Water Management District manages water and related natural resources in north-central Florida by providing water quality and quantity monitoring, research, regulation, land acquisition and management, and flood protection.
The Northwest Florida Water Management District stretches from the St. Marks River Basin in Jefferson County to the Perdido River in Escambia County. The District has worked for decades to protect and manage water resources in a sustainable manner for the continued welfare of people and natural systems across its 16-county region.
August 20, 2012 15:36